Common Causes of Eye Pain and Symptoms – Eye pain can occur on the surface or within the deeper structures of your eye. In severe cases, especially with loss of vision, it may be a signal that you have a serious medical condition. Too much is in front of a computer or laptop, sometimes the eyes become watery, throbbing, and vision begins to blur. This indicates that the eyes are getting tired and need rest.
The eye muscle consists of three muscle cells, namely the external muscle which regulates the movement of the eyeball, then the ciliary which functions to focus the lens of the eye, and the iris muscle which regulates the light entering the eye. If all the activities we do are related to forcing these muscles, then it can make the eyes tired.
Pain that occurs on the surface of the eye
Quoting from Buoy Health, pain on the surface of the eye can be triggered by several things. Starting from allergies, dry eyes, torn corneas due to contact lenses, bacterial or viral infections, to chemicals in products sold in the market.
Apart from coming from outside the body, your own condition can also be the cause of eye pain. For example, using glasses or contact lenses that do not suit the needs of the eye, headaches or migraines, the use of certain drugs, and problems in the nervous system.
Hordeolum is the medical term for a stye. Styes cause swollen eyes due to infection of the eyelid glands and usually starts with itching, pain and eventually makes the eyes become swollen.
In most cases, the swelling and pain of the stye will last for several days. You can do treatment at home by applying warm compresses to reduce pain until the swelling disappears.
However, if within a few days the condition does not improve and other symptoms such as swelling get worse, accompanied by fever and causing visual disturbances, you should immediately contact a doctor for further treatment.
A chalazion like a stye can cause the eye to swell. But not caused by infection, but due to blockage of glands in the eyelids. Generally, chalazion causes swelling and is painless. But there are also those who feel a little pain.
Just like a stye, you can also treat swelling due to a chalazion with a warm compress. If within a few days the swelling does not improve and the pain gets worse, you should contact your doctor to determine the cause.
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Generally, facial makeup or facial care creams that enter the eyes can cause eye irritation. So that the eyes become swollen, red and also painful. Makeup or facial care products can also cause allergic reactions, such as puffy eyes and discomfort.
You can use over-the-counter eye drops to treat the irritation. If the eye condition worsens and there is a burning sensation in the eye, you should immediately contact a doctor.
Various symptoms of eye pain to watch out for
1. Red eyes
The most common and easy to detect symptom of eye pain is red eye. Redness of the eye usually appears on the white part of the eyeball (sclera), which is caused by dilation of the eye’s blood vessels.
Almost all cases of eye pain cause symptoms in the form of red eyes. However, one of the diseases most often associated with this condition is conjunctivitis or inflammation of the conjunctiva.
2. Eyes sting and feel hot
You may have experienced symptoms of sore eyes and a sudden burning sensation. Sometimes, these symptoms are also followed by watery eyes more easily. This is one of the symptoms that you need to watch out for.
3. Itchy eyes
Itchy eyes are also a common symptom of eye pain. In addition to itching in your eyes, you may also experience itching on your eyelids. Itching can also be followed by symptoms of swelling.
Itchy eyes are most often caused by allergies. This condition occurs when the eyes are exposed to allergens such as dust, pollution, animal dander, certain ingredients in make-up, or certain eye drops.
4. Swollen eyes
You may often notice that your eyes are swollen when you wake up or after crying. However, if the swelling lasts more than 24-48 hours and is accompanied by additional symptoms such as pain and blurred vision, you should be alert.
Swollen eyes can be a symptom of various types of eye pain, ranging from conjunctivitis, stye, chalazion, to eye injuries. In mild cases, the swelling will usually subside within a few days.
5. Blurred vision
Blurred or blurry vision is actually a common symptom of eye pain. You may experience refractive errors when you experience blurry eyes.
However, not infrequently this condition occurs due to other pre-existing diseases, such as diabetes, stroke, cataracts, and glaucoma. type 1 diabetes mellitus
6. Dry eyes
Dry eyes result from a lack of tear production, or a problem with your tear film. In fact, the eye always needs tears to keep its surface moist.
Sometimes, dry eye symptoms are accompanied by other symptoms, such as pain, blurred vision, and a feeling of lump in the eye.